عنوان مقاله [English]
Clause 5 of Article 156 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1980 provided one of the functions of the judiciary to prevent crime. Subsequently, several ordinary laws, tasks within the framework of crime prevention, are considered for various institutions and organizations. Laws were also passed that indirectly, in some cases, crime prevention is the responsibility of institutions affiliated with the executive branch. These developments have never been approved by the judiciary for the same purpose. However, the provisions on punishment, reprisal, imprisonment and so on are related to criminal prosecution and the judiciary, but independent laws were not approved in this regard. At least since 2005, the judiciary has been seeking to come up with a comprehensive bill for the full implementation of paragraph 5 of Article 156 of the Constitution and to be approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly, which has so far failed. This crime prevention law, as well as the Law on the Prevention of Crime, of 2015/8/29 Saturday August, did not materialize, and in fact the law of the Supreme Council for the Prevention of Crime was established. The study of changes to the crime prevention law, the crime prevention law adopted in 2015/9/4 Friday September and the description of the tasks of the Supreme Council for the Prevention of Crime are among the most important issues to be considered in this paper.