عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Juvenile delinquency due to the special personality of this age group, has always been considered as one of the most important forms of delinquency by lawyers and agents of the criminal justice system. Paying attention to the special characteristics of these individuals in the process of responding to their criminal acts in the field of criminal policy is a factor that necessitates the need for a differential treatment of delinquent adults. In this regard, in order to support this group more effectively, the criminal system tries to match the criminal results with the personality of these criminals and choose the right response, which requires the application of a differential criminal policy, both in terms of substantive criminal law and Criminal law is formal.
Method: This research is applied in terms of purpose which has utilized a descriptive-analytical method and its data has been collected by documentary and library study via taking notes from books, dissertations and related articles.
Results: The compilers of the Islamic Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code adopted in 2013, by recognizing these differences, have tried to take the right step in dealing correctly with juvenile delinquents.
Conclusion: Developments in these laws in order to comply with international rules and principles for the protection of the rights of juvenile delinquents, the provision of educational measures along with punitive measures and the recognition of extrajudicial institutions in conjunction with judicial institutions, the establishment of special police and special juvenile courts and adolescents as the most important issues considered in the development of these laws.