پیش بینی بزه کاری نوجوانان بر اساس خود کنترلی و اجبار والدینی و ارائه راهکارهای پیشگیرانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر پیش بینی بزه کاری بر اساس اجبار والدینی و خود کنترلی در بین مددجویان مراکز اصلاح و تربیت بود. بدین منظور در یک طرح پژوهشی توصیفی همبستگی گذشت هنگر، از بین مددجویان کانون اصلاح و تربیت تهران تعداد ۲۵۸ مددجو با استفاده از روش نمونه گیری در دسترس به عنوان شرکت کننده انتخاب شد. داده ها با استفاده از پرسش )SCS( مقیاس خود کنترلی تانجی ،)APQ( نامه خود گزارشی فرزندپروری آلاباما- نسخه فرزند گردآوری شد. اطلاعات گردآوری شده با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه توسط تحلیل گردید. نتایج نشان داد که از بین مولف ههای اجبار والدینی سه SPSS نسخه 22 نرم افزار مولف هی فقدان تربیت مثبت، تنبیه بدنی، مشارکت ضعیف پدر به طور مثبت و معن یدار قادر به پی شبینی بزه کاری م یباشند ولی دو مولف هی نظم و انضباط ناپایدار و نظارت ضعیف به طور معن یدار قادر به پیش بینی بزه کاری نبودند. از سوی دیگر خود کنترلی نیز به طور منفی بزه کاری را پی شبینی کرده است. یافته های حاصل از پژوهش حاضر نشان از روابط متغیرهای اجبار والدینی و خود کنترلی با بزه کاری می باشد و می تواند مورد استفاده روان شناسان جنایی، جرم شناسان و سایر متخصصان مرتبط قرار گرفته و در جهت پیشگیری از بزه کاری نوجوانان نقش داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The prediction of juvenile delinquency based on self-control and parenting and providing preventive strategies

نویسنده [English]

  • morteza andalib koraym
چکیده [English]

The aim of current study is prediction of delinquency by parental coercion and self-control in client of correction centers.
Design of this study was retrospective descriptive-correlational, and a number of 258 clients chosen by convenience sampling method. The collected by using Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-child form (APQ), Tangney self-control scale (SCS), and crime violence inventory (CVS). Data analyzed by multiple regression with SPSS-22 software. Results showed that across parental coercion components not positive parenting, corporal punishment and father not involvement positively predicts delinquency but inconsistency in the use of discipline and the lack of supervision and monitoring cant significantly predict delinquency. On the other hand, self-control negatively predicts delinquency. Current study showed that parental coercion and self-control have relationship with delinquency; these results can be used by criminal psychologist, criminologists and other relevant specialists, and can have role in crime prevention.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • delinquency
  • parental coercion
  • self-control
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