عنوان مقاله [English]
The balanced social, economic, cultural and human development of society, while promoting its social, economic, cultural and human dimensions, requires the realization of the dimensions of development. Crime as a phenomenon that is a disadvantage of social life is one of the most important cases that reducing and preventing its occurrence as one of the main dimensions of development has always been considered. In the meantime, the common experience of humankind in the ages of the ages suggests testing different approaches to the criminal phenomenon and, over time, improving and improving the approaches to crime. This relatively long history has started its first pages of criminal offense with a criminal phenomenon. Human beings, with the view that the punishment of the perpetrators suffered from their suffering and on the one hand, would prevent the perpetrator from repeating the crime and, on the other hand, by deterring others from persuasion, will use collective punishment as the The most advanced way to deal with crime is through the centuries. Hence, a set of criminal justice institutions could be considered as anti-crime front-guards, believing that these institutions constitute the longest-serving part of crime prevention institutions in the history of pre-emptive humanitarian efforts.