نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی علوم و تحقیقات اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Environmental crime has been considered by the legislature, in view of the particular extent of environmental damage and the irreparable sustained damage and its direct relation with human life. In Iran, various laws have been laid down, but in many cases they are not in line with each other and are controversial. It is felt that there is a coherent legislative policy that involves the prevention, correction, and treatment of the former. The purpose of this study is to investigate Iran's legislative criminal law in the field.
Methodology: In this research, by using descriptive method and library and documentary methods, numerous laws in this area were collected and analyzed. The attitude and policy of the legislature were evaluated and the weaknesses, strengths and coherence or conflict of laws Checked together.
Results and Conclusion: The research findings suggest preventive measures protect the community from statutory penalties and prevent any damage to the environment. The Iranian authorities have not provided a clear definition of the environment and environmental crime. Iran's policy of ignoring some harmful measures against the environment needs to be reviewed seriously through special sanctions and the intensification of punishment. The development of biotechnology that has attracted the attention of scientists in recent decades, despite its benefits in the event of misuse, can cause harm to the environment, which has doubled the need for criminal protection.