نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری
کارشناس ارشد حقوق، دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Purpose:The Islamic Republic of Iran has come across an area called the cryptocurrency,which has both positive features such as circumventing cruel sanctions and replacing it as an international currency in international trade and,on the other hand,the context of its use,Crimes such as fraud and money laundering have been provided.
Legislation in this regard has certainly not been implemented so far,and the latest legislative action is the e-commerce law passed in 2002,which does not seem sufficient,since in cyberspace and especially emerging technologies such as cryptocurrency,governance monitoring and protection of citizens' rights require laws and regulations.The mechanisms are up-to-date and efficient.Therefore,the purpose of the present article is to firstly examine the status of money laundering and fraudulent acts in the context of the use of cryptocurrency and then to elaborate preventive measures to prevent such crimes.
Methodology:The purpose of the present study is to gather information from a practical point of view as a library.
Findings and Results:It became clear that two state of the social preventive and Situational Prevention methods could be designed to counter fraud and money laundering that may be used in the use of cryptocurrency,and suggestions were made in this regard,including awareness raisin Users are offered access to cryptocurrency classes and filtering suspected money laundering and fraudulent sites,recognizing some of the digital Currency Exchange and using identity documents to transmit cryptocurrency,In the event of a crime occurring from documents and records of pre-arranged transactions,access to the perpetrators shall be on the agenda of the competent authorities