نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه حقوق کیفری و جرمشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی. تهران
2 دکتری حقوق کیفری و جرمشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی. تهران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: Criminologists and other social science researchers' concerns about crime reduction have led them to conduct numerous empirical studies to identify problems and barriers to inadequate or ineffective prevention programs. Given the necessity of applying such an approach to identifying and resolving problems in the field of criminal justice in Iran, the main issue of the present study is to investigate the barriers to the effectiveness of cyber-crime prevention strategies and provide solutions to them.
Method: In order to answer the research question, in addition to reviewing the existing documents and rules, in-depth interviews were conducted with 4 experts and executives of ethical crime prevention programs in cyberspace.
Findings and Results: The findings of the study suggest several key points: First, poor co-operation, similar tasks, and power relations between institutions are needed to prevent multi-institutional prevention of crimes against ethical security in cyberspace based on the intended objectives. In the meantime, weak partnerships between the public and private sectors, along with a modest share of people and public associations, are other barriers to the effectiveness of preventive interventions in this area. In addition, many prevention plans and programs are implemented without evaluation and their effectiveness is not measured after implementation. Overuse of filtering and its introduction as one of the right strategies to prevent cybercrime may not only be unsuccessful but it will also have unintended consequences that will undermine the effectiveness of these measures.