عنوان مقاله [English]
Human dependence on what exists in life around him is such that it can be said that human life is impossible without the necessary elements to begin and continue. Undoubtedly, human life depends on the existence of factors and elements that have enabled and perpetuated his life; therefore, the elements that enable human life in this environment can be preceded by the social, economic, cultural and political elements of the human environment. As a prerequisite for establishing and maintaining human survival on this planet, it prevented what endangers the necessities of human life and, if necessary, by criminalizing these behaviors, first protected the human environment. In fact, it can be said that the requirement of human right to life, which is a divine gift and cannot be revoked except by law, is human right to a healthy environment, which is also considered as a function of human right to life. Therefore, the main element of crime against the environment can be considered as any behavior that harms the healthy environment; although in the initial conception of the environment, most of the natural environment comes to mind, but attention to various dimensions of human life shows that In limiting the limits of the environment, it should be considered as a set of natural, social and cultural conditions that harm the individual and social life of human beings; this concept of the environment has also been mentioned and specified in international environmental documents. .