نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری
1 استادیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران
2 کارشناس ارشد حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکده حقوق و علومسیاسی، دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Background and Aim: The National Inspection Organization of the country, according to the Constitution, the Law on Crime Prevention, the Law on the Establishment of the National Inspection Organization, must take action to prevent the occurrence of crime. In this regard, the organization can fulfill its task by taking advantage of the findings of situational prevention, criminal prevention and social prevention. In order to prevent the situation, the organization can put continuous monitoring, creating and optimizing the trading monitoring system, controlling the assets of officials and officials on the agenda. In the field of criminal prevention, important measures such as initiating prosecution, issuing a security order and, if necessary, protesting against the issued votes, are within the authority of the organization. Social prevention of crime is provided by the organization through the teaching of organizational culture, the promotion of public culture through education and the use of the role of the media and interaction with non-governmental organizations and other executive bodies.
Methodology: The present study is an applied research in terms of purpose and utilized a descriptive-analytical methodology. Data collected and analyzed using library resources.
Findings and Conclusion: Among the types of prevention, criminal prevention cannot be commensurate with the goals and objectives of the organization, but in order to achieve criminal prevention of crime, especially in the prosecution and criminal prosecution of the organization plays a significant role. It plays. According to the findings of this study, the National Inspection Agency, in order to perform its crime prevention tasks, the best solution is to prevent the situation. The organization can make good use of some of the twenty-five techniques of situational prevention, especially techniques to increase effort, risk the crime scene, and reduce the proceeds of crime. Regular inspections, special inspections, mandatory registration of government transactions in the transaction monitoring system, control of the assets of officials and officials are the most important measures that the organization can take in this regard.